Mainak Motilal, B.Optom

Student, Vidyasagar College Of Optometry And Vision Science, Kolkata, India


Summer and hot weather can bring about various eye problems and diseases that can be uncomfortable and dangerous. From dry eye to UV damage, the heat and sun can have adverse effects on your eyes. In this blog post, we will explore some common eye issues related to summer and hot weather and provide solutions on how to manage and prevent them.

Dry Eye:

Dry eye occurs when your eyes do not produce enough tears, causing discomfort, redness, and blurry vision. Hot temperatures and dry air during summer can worsen the condition. (1)

Solution: Staying hydrated by drinking enough water can help manage dry eye. Additionally, using artificial tears can help keep your eyes moist and lubricated. If you wear contact lenses, you may want to switch to daily disposable lenses to reduce dryness. (1)

UV Damage:

Ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun can cause a range of eye problems, including cataracts, macular degeneration, and skin cancer on the eyelids. When spending time outdoors in the summer, it is crucial to wear sunglasses that block 100% of both UVA and UVB rays. (2)

Solution: Wearing a hat with a brim and applying sunscreen to your face, including your eyelids, can provide additional protection from the sun’s harmful rays. (2)


Conjunctivitis or pink eye is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the clear membrane that covers the white part of your eye. This condition can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or allergens and can lead to redness, itching, and discharge from the eyes. (3)

Solution: Practising good hygiene such as washing your hands frequently and avoiding touching your eyes can prevent conjunctivitis. If you wear contact lenses, be sure to follow proper hygiene practices, such as disinfecting your lenses regularly. (3)


Seasonal allergies are common in the summer and can cause eye irritation, itching, and redness. Pollen, dust, and mould spores are common allergens that can trigger these symptoms. (4)

Solution: Avoiding allergens by staying indoors on high pollen count days can help reduce symptoms. Using allergy eye drops or taking oral antihistamines can also provide relief. (4)

Heat Exhaustion:

Excessive heat can cause heat exhaustion, which can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, dizziness, and headache. These symptoms can also affect your eyes, causing blurry vision and eye strain. (5)

Solution: Staying cool by taking breaks in air-conditioned areas and wearing lightweight, breathable clothing can help prevent heat exhaustion. Additionally, taking breaks from electronic devices and practising the 20-20-20 rule (looking away from screens every 20 minutes for 20 seconds) can help reduce eye strain. (5)

In conclusion, taking preventative measures and being aware of common eye issues related to summer and hot weather can help keep your eyes healthy and comfortable. If you experience any persistent or severe eye symptoms, it is essential to seek medical attention from an eye care professional.



  1. American Academy of Ophthalmology. (2021). Dry Eye. [; Last accessed:12th May 2023; 20:33 AEST]
  2. American Academy of Ophthalmology. (2021). How to Choose the Best Sunglasses for Your Eye Health. [; Last accessed:12th May 2023; 20:30 AEST]
  3. American Academy of Ophthalmology. (2021). Conjunctivitis. [; Last accessed:12th May 2023; 20:36 AEST]
  4. American Optometric Association. (2022). Allergies and the Eyes.; Last accessed:12th May 2023; 20:34 AEST]
  5. American Optometric Association. (2021). Digital Eye Strain. [ Last accessed:12th May 2023; 20:24 AEST]

Declaration :

The blog is written solely for educational purpose , and it does not have any financial support and conflict interest.